Cholesterol is small particles of fat found in blood and is used for essential body functions. There are many different types, but some are particularly important:
High Density Lipids (HDL) this is good cholesterol
Low Density Lipids (LDL) too much of this cholesterol is not good
HDL cholesterol is like cleaning fluid it helps prevent fatty deposits build up and keeps your vessels free from obstruction. The LDL cholesterol is very sticky and tends to build up as fatty deposits inside blood vessels, making it difficult for blood to flow through.
High lelvels of LDL cholesterol can cause problems such as heart disease and high blood pressure. It is important to ensure you have your cholesterol levels checked regularly to reduce the risk of complications.
Your cholesterol levels should be less than 5mmo/l and ideally closer to 3.5mmol/l
One of the major causes of the increased levels of cholesterol in the body is diet full of saturated fat. The next apparent cause is the sedentary and motionless lifestyle with no exercises. The food that you eat is stored in the form of fat and hence in the increase of cholesterol. When there is lack of exercise, it is evident that there is excessive weight which in turn results in excessive cholesterol levels.
A high cholesterol level is usually referred to as hyperlidaemia or hypercholesterolaemia and is a risk factor for Coronory Heart Disease (CHD). The level of cholesterol that is considered high for you will depend partly on whether you have any other risk factors for heart disease, for example high blood pressure (hypertension), a family history of heart disease and whether you are overweight or smoke.
Many factors can affect your cholesterol level and your risk of heart disease. In some people a high cholesterol level may be due to hereditary factors (your genetic make-up), however your body weight, diet and activity levels can also affect your cholesterol level and risk of heart disease. There a few things that you can do to help your self see below
Prepare a proper diet plan that includes all the nutritious foods. The best cholesterol lowering foods are vegetables and fruits that contain high fibre content. The fibre actually absorbs the excessive cholesterol, thereby bringing the levels down to a great extent.
Leicester Nutrition and Dietetic NHS Website where you will find dietary guidelines under resources. www.lnds.nhs.uk
Ref: LNDS, Personal Diabetes handbook