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Guide to Diabetes

High Blood Pressure & Cholesterol Tablets

As part of your treatment for diabetes you may be prescribed other tablets to help control your diabetes and related conditions better. You may already be on all or some of these medications previous to being diagnosed with diabetes. 


These may include tablets for:

1. Lowering blood pressure or  anti-hypertensives 

You may be precribed any of the tablets lised below to lower your high blood pressure and also reduce the risk of progressive damage in diabetic kidney disease.
They are also thought to prevent damage from heart disease in people with diabetes.
In most cases, treatment for high blood pressure is for life. You can reduce your blood pressure by reducing your salt intake


  • Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACE I) e.g. Lisinopril, Perinodril, Ramipril, Trandolapril
  • Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists e.g.Canderstan, Ibersartan, Losartan, Valsartan
  • Thiazide Diuretics e.g. Bendrofluazide (or Bendroflumethiazide)
  • Beta-Blockers e.g Atenolol, Bisoprolol, Sotalol
  • Calcium Channel Blockers e.g. Amlodipine, Diltiazem, Felodipine, Lacidipine, Lercanidipine, Nicardipine, Nifedipine.
  • Doxazosin e.g Cardura XL
  • Loop Diuretics e.g. Furosemide (or frusemide), Bumetanide
  • Spironolactone
  • Aliskiren


2. Lowering cholesterol or high blood fats

These tablets are usually for treating high raised fat levels in the blood also known as cholesterol or hyperlipidaemia. The tablets used to treat raised blood fats can be divided into three groups:

  • Statins e.g. Atorvastatin, Fluvastatin, Pravastatin, Simvastatin, rosuvastatin Usually taken at night. 
    How They Work: They can reduce ‘bad’ cholesterol and produce a slight increase in ‘good’ cholesterol. Statins can also reduce triglycerides (simple fats stored in the body tissues). High levels of triglycerides are also associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease. Download the Statins patient information leaflet


  • Fibrates e.g Bezafibrate, Ciprofibrate, Fenofibrate
    How They Work: The main effects are in lowering the total cholesterol and triglycerides and raises the HDL- cholesterol (the good fat)


  • Ezetimibe - Ezitrol 
    How they work: It reduces the fat absorption from the intestines


Points to remember

  • Always read the label with your medication
  • To work at their best these tablets must be used in conjunction with a low fat /sugar diet and attempting to maintain an ideal body weight. Read More


More information


More information on tablets