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Guide to Diabetes

Can Diabetes Be Treated? 

YES, it is possible to treat diabetes.

If you have been diagnosed with Diabetes it is essential that the right treatment is given to control your diabetes.
It is important that your blood sugar levels are brought down to the normal level, between (4-7mmol/l) as your body is unable to deal with the increased levels of blood glucose will make you feel ill.

The aim of controlling diabetes is to normalise the blood glucose levels and prevent complications to other parts of the body by high blood sugar levels. In order to do this there are several types of treatments that are available and are specific to the diabetes you have been diagnosed with.

Treating Type 2 Diabetes

Unlike people with Type 1 Diabetes, who depend on insulin, those who have Type 2 diabetes can be treated with a variety of different methods, Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease so your treatment will need to change with time. Initially this may mean changing your lifestyle to include: 

  • Exercise
  • Eating a healthier diet
  • Tablets
  • Insulin
  • or a combination of tablets and insulin 

Your diabetes can sometimes be controlled by the types of food you eat and exercise - See Diet and lifestyle management

You may be started on tablets if you have had difficulty controlling your blood glucose with adjusting your eating patterns and exercise alone. Oral tablets will help to lower your blood glucose levels. There are many different types of tablets made for people with different needs.

If this is not working you may be prescribed insulin depending on your bodily requirements.

Your diabetes team may recommend a regular exercise plan or any combination of treatment mentioned. This will depend on individual factors which your diabetes team will determine at the time when your diabetes is diagnosed.

Treating Type 1 Diabetes

insulin pens

This type of diabetes can ONLY be controlled by daily injections of insulin and some changes to what you eat. People with Type 1 diabetes depend on insulin injections to survive. This is because the body does not produce any insulin


Gestational Diabetes 

The treatment of Gestational diabetes is with diet and in some cases insulin injections. If you have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes – diabetes whilst you are pregnant, you will receive routine antenatal care from the Diabetes Specialist Midwives and Obstetricians Teams (doctors who look after pregnant women)


Maturity Onset of Diabetes of the Young (MODY)  

Insulin is not required to treat this condition.

The different treatments for diabetes mellitus are described in more detail in the different sections